By Mark S Railey
December 8, 2021
Note: This is a long post because it contains all 77 positive commands.
Only one G-d exists (Ex. 20:2; Deut. 6:4). Love Him with all your heart, soul, and might. Honor Him (Deut. 6:1; 10:20) and sanctify Him publicly (Lev. 22:32). Walk in His ways with all your ability (Deut. 28:9). Pray/serve Him every day (Deut. 6:13). Think about His ways and do them (Deut. 6:8). Wear Tzitzit (tassels) on the corners of your garments (Num. 15:38) to remind you of the Torah. Study/talk about the Torah all day long (Deut. 6:7). Install physical reminders of the Torah on/in your house (Deut. 6:9). Bless the Lord after meals. (Deut. 8:10). Learn the Torah and teach it (Deut. 6:7). Write the Torah (Deut. 31:19) and if you can’t, then purchase a bible. Find/attach yourself to a Torah teacher (Deut 10:20). Stand before the elderly and honor the Torah scholar (Lev. 19:32). Honor the sanctuary/house of study or prayer (Lev. 19:30; 11:16).
Remember the Sabbath, to keep it holy (Ex. 20:8). Look forward to it. Dedicate it as the time set apart for the study and practice of holiness and righteousness. Rest on this sacred day (Ex. 23:12). Rejoice/be happy on the festivals (Deut. 16:14) but keep things in moderation/no excess.
Remove leavened food on the fourteenth of Nissan (Ex. 12:15). Tell about the exodus from Egypt on the fifteenth of Nissan (Ex. 13:8). Gather for a holy convocation on the first day of Passover. It is a Sabbath day, so don’t work (Lev. 23:7). On the sixteenth of Nissan, with the bringing of the Omer into the Sanctuary, begin counting the days for seven weeks (Lev. 23:15-16). On the seventh day of Passover, join in holy convocation - this is a Sabbath day (Lev. 23:8).
On the festival of Shavuot, join in a holy convocation (Lev. 23:21). In the seventh month (Tishri), on the first day, you shall have a sabbath and join in holy convocation (Lev. 23:24). It is Yom Teruah, literally "day of shouting or blasting" (sometimes called “Rosh Hashanah.” It is the first of the Jewish High Holy Days. On the tenth day of the seventh month, you will afflict yourself (Lev. 23:27) - it is Yom Kippur (the Day of Atonement). It is a day of solemn rest (Lev. 23:32). Repent of your sins and confess your sins to G-d (Num. 5:6-7). On the first day of Sukkoth, join in holy convocation (Lev. 23:25). You are to dwell in the sukkah (hut or booth with a roof of branches) for seven days (Lev. 23:42). On the first day, you are to take the fruit of splendid trees, branches of palm trees, and boughs of thick leaves, and willows of the brook (Lev. 23:40). On the eighth day, you shall join a holy convocation (this is Sh’mini Atzereth) (Lev. 23:36).
You are to help the stranger and the sojourner so that he may live along with you (Lev. 25:35). (This means helping those joining your community). You must do what you say you are going to do (Deut. 23:24; Num. 30:3). If you make a vow to G-d, you must fulfill it (Num. 30:3). Honor your father and mother (Ex. 20:12) and respect them (Lev. 19:3). Marry and have children (Gen. 1:28). When you marry, have a ceremony (Deut. 24:1). If there is something unseemly in your spouse, you may divorce (Dut. 24:11). If two brothers live together, both married, and one dies, the living one is to provide for and take care of his late brother’s wife (Deut. 25:5). If the late brother does not have a son, the living brother is to have sex with his brother’s wife until she has a child who will provide for her. If she does not want to have sex with her husband’s brother, she is to indicate in a way that everyone knows she is choosing to remain childless (Deut. 25:7,9). When you have a son, circumcise him on the 8th day (Gen. 17:12; Lev. 12:3). Any male who is not circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin shall be cut off (Gen. 17:14).
If you are too far away from the Temple, you may slaughter animals as Moses commanded, in your own town and eat as much as you want (Deut. 12:21). When you do the ritual slaughtering, cover the blood with earth (Lev. 17:13). Regard the priest who makes ritual slaughtering as holy unto the Lord because the Lord is holy (Lev. 21:8). When you make a ritual slaughtering, give the priest the foreleg, cheeks, and maw (Deut. 18:3) for their work. When you bring a sheep to be sacrificed, you are to give the priest the first of the fleece of your sheep (Deut. 18:4). Consecrate the firstborn males, both humans, and animals, by giving them to the priest (Num. 13:2; Deut. 15:19). The firstborn male belongs to G-d (Ex. 13:2; 22:29; Num. 8:17). You may redeem the firstborn male when they are one month old by paying a certain amount to a priest (Num. 18:15-16). The firstling of a donkey you are to redeem with a lamb and if it is not redeemed, you are to break its neck (Ex. 34:20). The first of your dough, you are to set apart as a gift to the Lord (Num. 15:20). This is called the Challah.
The priests (kohanim) are to bless the people (Num. 6:23-26). For this, G-d blesses the kohanim (Gen. 12:3). The kohen is to defile (make unclean) himself by attending the funeral of close kin (Lev. 21:2-3).
You are to love your fellow/neighbor as yourself (Lev. 19:18). You are to love the stranger/convert/proselyte (Deut. 10:19). You are to lend to the poor (Ex. 22:24). You are to give a pawned object back to its owner when he needs it (Deut. 24:19). All loans are to be released/canceled in the year of shemittah (release - every 7 years) (Deut. 15:2) - and during the year of Jubilee (50th year). Owners should allow laborers to eat what they are working at when it is something that grows from the ground (Deut. 23:25). You should pay the wages of a hired hand on the day of their labor (Deut. 24:15). You are to make decisions about buying and selling (Lev. 25:14). You have to return anything that you have stolen (Lev. 5:23). Return things that you find to their owners (Deut. 22:1)
If you see a donkey, under too large of a burden, you are obligated to help unload the beast (Ex. 23:5). You are also obligated to help load an animal or person (Deut. 22:4).
You are to upbraid a sinner (Lev. 19:17).
You are to render judgment about heritages (inheritances of property) (Num. 27:8).
Before you take a bird’s eggs, you are to send the mother away from the nest (Deut. 22:7).
You are to build in safety features for your roof and home so that people are not injured at your house (Deut. 22:8).
Remember the deeds of Amalek (Deut. 25:17) and destroy their offspring (Deut. 25:18).
If you will study these positive instructions, I believe/know that you will grow closer to HaShem.